G20 leaders on Sunday promised to “stop at any effort” to guarantee equitable access to vaccines against Covid-19, according to a draft of the summit’s final declaration with a resolutely consensual tone, but poor in concrete announcements.
“We will not back down from any effort to ensure affordable and equitable access (to vaccines, tests and treatments, editor’s note) for all”, it is written in this text consulted by AFP.
The summit of the world’s 20 greatest economic powers is being held this year in a virtual format that takes away much of its luster, and under the presidency of Saudi Arabia, which has drawn strong criticism from human rights organizations.
Started Saturday in the form of a videoconference followed with more or less attendance – US President Donald Trump for example quickly left the proceedings to go play golf – the meeting is due to end on Sunday with the publication of this final declaration .
As the pandemic continues to rage, with more than 12 million cases now in the United States, presidents or heads of government have opted for a resolutely consensual tone.
They say “fully support” the mechanisms put in place by the World Health Organization to ensure that future vaccines are not reserved for prosperous countries, and promise to “meet the funding needs still existing.”
“Even if competition may be inevitable here, we must be guided above all by the humanitarian aspect,” Russian President Vladimir Poutin said on Saturday.
And this while laboratories and G20 states are competing for announcements, whether it is the Pfizer (United States) / BionTech (Germany) alliance or the American company Moderna, massive experiments in China, or research carried out in Russia.
But the G20 does not explicitly mention the amount of 28 billion dollars (23.6 billion euros), including 4.2 billion in emergency, claimed by international organizations to deal with a disease which has already killed more than 1 , 3 million people.
Another subject on which the G20 was expected at the turn: the debt of poor countries, which is soaring due to the economic cataclysm caused by the pandemic.
G20 leaders “pledge to implement” the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (ISSD / DSSI). 29 of the most advantaged states through this mechanism allow poor countries indebted to them to suspend the payment of interest on their debt until June 2021.
But while the United Nations hoped that this deadline would be extended until the end of 2021, the G20 is relying on its finance ministers to “examine” this issue next spring.
There is no mention either of another action requested by the UN and by many developing countries: resorting to special drawing rights, a kind of currency created by the International Monetary Fund, to support countries in difficulty.
Beyond the pandemic, this draft of the final declaration highlights a more harmonious tone on the conflicting issues of recent years, the climate and trade, favorite workhorses of Donald Trump today especially busy contesting his defeat in the US presidential election.
On the environment, exit for example the separate paragraph that the United States had inserted in the text concluding the G20 summit in Osaka last year, to clearly mark their difference in this area.
In the one that should conclude the G20 under Saudi presidency, the great powers promise to “face the most pressing environmental challenges.” “
But the rest of the declaration carefully differentiates between the signatories of the Paris Agreement and the others, and therefore the United States – even though President-elect Joe Biden has promised to bring his country back to the device.
Trade remains, after the Trump administration has initiated an open confrontation with China on this issue, but also with its European partners.
“It is more important than ever to support a multilateral trading system”, and to ensure “a level playing field”, write the leaders of the G20.